1491is one year prior to the arrival of Columbus and Europeans, and 1607 is the year England established a permanent settlement at Jamestown
Corn; Cultivated in present-‐day Mexico and spread to the SW portion of the US. Native American societies were built around maize.
Located in the central/western portion of the US; a lack of natural resources led Natives to live a nomadic lifestyle in these regions.
Exchange of goods, ideas, diseases, and people between the Americas, Africa, and Europe. Each region was significantly impacted as a result of trade and contact.
Spanish system of granting land to colonists in the new world. Exploited natives and resources. Eventually, Natives were replaced with African slave labor.
Settled heavily in South America, reached West Africa and contributed to the development of the African Slave Trade.
Autonomy means independent or to have some form of self-‐government. Africans ran away and formed maroon communities, and combined elements of Christianity and African religions
Horses –improved hunting and warfare for Natives (especially in the Great Plains and Basin), weapons and alcohol helped increase the destructiveness of warfare
Maize, potatoes, and other crops –helped increase European population and the shift from feudalism to capitalism
White racial superiority, bible, view of groups as “savages”
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