Unit 2: 1607 - 1754

Unit 2 Key Concepts

  • 2.1 Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources. 
  • 2.2 The British colonies participated in political, social, cultural, and economic exchanges with Great Britain that encouraged both stronger bonds with Britain and resistance to Britain's control. 

Unit 2 Review Resources

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Ms. Dickie's Review Video

This video covers units 1-2. Ms. Dickie discusses these units in a thematic way which will help best with the written response questions.   

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Heimler's History

Heimler covers the most important ideas from this unit in one video about 15 minutes long. 

If you would like to rewatch videos from this unit based on the key concepts, then view this playlist here: Unit 2 Playlist

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APUSH Review with Adam Norris

A review of this entire time period in a 10 minute video. These videos have notes on the screen which may be helpful when writing down key ideas. 

If you like these, here are some more from this time period focusing on specific topics: More Period 2 Videos 

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Khan Academy

This includes quick summaries of important topics in written and video form and short quizzes to test your understanding. Khan Academy is free to use and if you plan on using this often it might be helpful to create an account to keep track of your progress. View Unit 2 content here

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Gilder Lehrman

This video covers the growth and expansion of the European presence in the New World. These videos include a summary of key ideas as well as a description of some documents you might see on the exam. 

Period 2 Timeline: Includes documents and key events. 

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Crash Course

John Green has a series of videos for each unit that are not specifically APUSH related but cover important topics you will see on the exam. He talks very fast but if you like these videos there are several for each time period. View the topics from this unit below: 

Colonizing America 
Natives & the English 
Colonial America

Key Terms/Ideas

1607 = First permanent English settlement; 1754 = Start of the 7 Years War

An economic system where countries tried to increase their wealth through government control of all aspects of trade

Crops that could be gown in large quantities, harvested, and sold for a profit

Sought tight control over the colonies and focused on converting and exploiting the Natives (think the 3 G's: God, glory and gold)

Fewer inhabitant than other countries; focused on trade, alliances, and intermarriage with Native Americans. Heavy focus on furs (beaver)

Colonies were based on agriculture; large number of me and women inhabited the colonies; relatively hostile relations with Native Americans.

Large amount of land for farming; shortage of indentured servants (Post-1676 Bacon's Rebellion); hard to enslave natives (diseases); European demand for goods (tobacco)

Overt and covert methods such as: rebellion (although not often), sabotaging equipment, and running away

Founded primarily by Puritans that wanted a group of like-minded individuals; close-knit, longer life expectancies; mixed economy of farming and trade

Religiously, ethnically, and demographically diverse of all the colonies. (Think Quakers – religiously tolerant.) Economy was based on grains.

Chesapeake (MD and VA) and North Carolina was based on tobacco - relied on indentured servants early on, later replaced by African slaves

Native American revolt against the Spanish in the late 17th century; expelled the Spanish for over 10 years; Spain began to take an accommodating approach to Natives after the revolt

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